The agricultural agreement covers both agriculture and trade policy. The WTO agreement contains provisions in three major areas. WTO members made important decisions on agriculture at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2015. These include the obligation to remove agricultural export subsidies, decisions on public storage for food security purposes, a special safeguard mechanism for developing countries and trade rules for cotton. WTO members have taken steps to reform the agricultural sector and address high subsidies and trade barriers that distort agricultural trade. The overall goal is to establish a fairer trading system that improves market access and improves the livelihoods of farmers around the world. The WTO Agreement on Agriculture, which came into force in 1995, is an important step towards reforming agricultural trade and towards fairer and more competitive development. The Committee on Agriculture is monitoring the implementation of the agreement. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that opens up trade relations between countries.
The WTO is a medium and a place for member state governments to settle trade disputes and negotiate trade agreements. The WTO was born out of negotiations under a system of trade rules. The WTO is currently in the process of beginning new negotiations under the “Doha Development Agenda” launched in 2001. The WTO agreement on agriculture has negative and positive effects on Indian agriculture. About 70% of India`s population depends on agriculture, so total export – the import of agricultural raw materials depends directly or indirectly on WTO legislation. WTO standards therefore play a crucial role in improving the socio-economic conditions of the rural population in India. Indeed, WTO legislation has a direct or indirect impact on the Indian economy. The member transparency toolkit contains information on notification formats and a reporting manual, as well as links to members` lists with commitments and other resources to support member transparency in the agricultural sector. At the WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, in 2013, ministers also agreed on a range of agriculture-related issues. It should be noted that all of these issues are exclusively within the framework of our own initiatives and decisions. WTO meetings on the agricultural agreement should take into account all the other important issues common to many other developing countries in the same socio-economic belt and analyze their impact on Indian agriculture from India`s perspective. We must also be aware that sitting at the negotiating table, without proper study and assessment of the potential effects of forced settlements as part of the mandated reform process, will seriously affect not only our agricultural production and distribution, but also the fundamental viability of the country`s agricultural economy.
It is important to introduce and apply the impact of the agreement on agriculture on Indian agriculture, including production, pricing, imports and exports, current tariffs and promised revisions. Available data show that, given our negative overall overall support for the status quo, there is considerable flexibility in tariffs, which means that there should be no obligation to reduce tariffs by 13% by 2004. It is important that a similar situation does not occur in the current fiscal year in agriculture – an area of great importance for our economy, which is essentially geared towards agriculture. The provision of market access under the WTO includes tariff reductions, tarriffications and access opportunities. The main objective of tarriffication is to eliminate all non-tariff barriers, such as quotas, minimum import prices, non-discretionary licences, variable taxes and trade measures